Where is the sigma colon?

The sigmoid is the lower third of your large intestine. It’s connected to your rectum, and it’s the part of your body where fecal matter stays until you go to the bathroom. If you have a sigmoid problem, you’re likely to feel pain in your lower abdomen.

What is colonic distention?

Having a distended colon refers to this part of the digestive tract becoming enlarged, sometimes enormously. This increase in size can exert pressure on the walls of the intestine, leading to paralysis of normal digestive movements. When this lack of movement occurs, feces do not move ahead.

What is a colon segment?

The entry point, about six inches long, is called the cecum. The rest of the colon is divided into segments: the ascending colon (traveling up), the transverse colon (traveling across to the left), the descending colon (traveling down) and the sigmoid colon (headed back across to the right).

How do you treat a colonic distention?

Although infrequent, colonic distention can recur following successful treatment with neostigmine. Some individuals with Ogilvie syndrome may be treated with colonic decompression, a procedure that reduces pressure within the colon.

What are the symptoms of a distended colon?


  • Crampy abdominal pain that comes and goes.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Constipation.
  • Vomiting.
  • Inability to have a bowel movement or pass gas.
  • Swelling of the abdomen.

What is an angulated colon?

Loops or angulation in the colon are possibly the most common patient-related source of difficulty. Some bends require additional skill to navigate. Loops, particularly in the sigmoid colon, can result in loss of control of the endoscope as well as patient discomfort.

How long does a colonoscopy take?

The doctor can also insert instruments through the channel to take tissue samples (biopsies) or remove polyps or other areas of abnormal tissue. A colonoscopy typically takes about 30 to 60 minutes.

How deep is a colonoscopy?

Colonoscopy is similar to sigmoidoscopy—the difference being related to which parts of the colon each can examine. A colonoscopy allows an examination of the entire colon (1200–1500 mm in length).

Why would a colon be distended?

Fecal impaction, which is an increase in colonic content due to constipation, can cause colon distension. In addition, increased amount of colonic content further increases the rate of fermentation and gas production.

Is enlarged colon serious?

What Is Megacolon? Megacolon is an abnormal dilation of the colon that is not caused by mechanical obstruction. It is usually accompanied by symptoms such as abdominal discomfort, but may result in serious complications (colonic perforation, peritonitis, and/or sepsis) if left untreated.

Can a redundant colon cause pain?

The extra loops and bends that form result in a condition known as tortuous or redundant colon. You may have some digestive discomfort such as constipation and cramping, but often there are no issues. In most cases you can manage the symptoms with over the counter and at-home remedies.

What is the recovery time after a colonoscopy?

The First Week after a Colonoscopy After polyps are removed it can take up to a week for the patient to fully recover. During this time, patients should avoid all strenuous activities, which includes lifting anything over five pounds.

Previous post What is the difference between hamartoma and choristoma?
Next post What is the story behind Pinball Wizard?