What is the product of transcription in prokaryotes?
Both utilize RNA polymerase to catalyze the synthesis of RNA, and while regulation may differ, the ultimate product of transcription in prokaryotes and eukaryotes is RNA.
What is the product of transcription in eukaryotes?
The product of transcription is RNA, which can be encountered in the form mRNA, tRNA or rRNA while the product of translation is a polypeptide amino acid chain, which forms a protein. Transcription occurs in the nucleus in eukaryotic organisms, while translation occurs in the cytoplasm and endoplasmic reticulum.
What are the 3 products of transcription?
The three types of RNA produced in the transcription are mRNA, tRNA, and rRNA.
What product does transcription produce?
DNA transcription produces a single-stranded RNA molecule that is complementary to one strand of DNA.
What is the difference between transcription in prokaryotes and eukaryotes?
Prokaryotic transcription occurs in the cell cytoplasm and, in prokaryotes, both transcription and translation happen simultaneously. Eukaryotic transcription occurs in the cell nucleus and, in eukaryotes, transcription and translation differ in space and time.
What is the product of translation in prokaryotes?
The product of this reaction is an aminoacyl-tRNA. In bacteria, this aminoacyl-tRNA is carried to the ribosome by EF-Tu, where mRNA codons are matched through complementary base pairing to specific tRNA anticodons.
What is transcription in prokaryotes and eukaryotes?
Both prokaryotes and eukaryotes perform fundamentally the same process of transcription, with the important difference of the membrane-bound nucleus in eukaryotes. With the genes bound in the nucleus, transcription occurs in the nucleus of the cell and the mRNA transcript must be transported to the cytoplasm.
What is the difference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic transcription?
Main Difference – Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic Transcription. Prokaryotic transcription occurs in the cell cytoplasm and, in prokaryotes, both transcription and translation happen simultaneously. Eukaryotic transcription occurs in the cell nucleus and, in eukaryotes, transcription and translation differ in space and time …
What is the final product of translation?
The amino acid sequence is the final result of translation, and is known as a polypeptide. Polypeptides can then undergo folding to become functional proteins.
How is transcription and translation different in prokaryotes and eukaryotes?
Prokaryotic transcription occurs in the cytoplasm alongside translation. Prokaryotic transcription and translation can occur simultaneously. This is impossible in eukaryotes, where transcription occurs in a membrane-bound nucleus while translation occurs outside the nucleus in the cytoplasm.
How is the mRNA product of transcription different in prokaryotic vs eukaryotic cells?
Another main difference between the two is that transcription and translation occurs simultaneously in prokaryotes and in eukaryotes the RNA is first transcribed in the nucleus and then translated in the cytoplasm.
What is a product of translation?
The product of translation is protein. The translation is a process in which the genetic information contained in an mRNA is decoded into a specific… See full answer below.
How is transcription similar in prokaryotes and eukaryotes?
The sequence in the RNA is complementary to that of the gene which is transcribed and thus the RNA retains the same information as the gene itself. Transcription is a universal process in the living word and it occurs both in prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
How does transcription differ in prokaryotes and eukaryotes quizlet?
In a eukaryotic cell, transcription occurs in the nucleus, and translation occurs in the cytoplasm. In a prokaryotic cell, transcription and translation are coupled; that is, translation begins while the mRNA is still being synthesized.
How is transcription and translation different in eukaryotes and prokaryotes?
What makes eukaryotic transcription different from prokaryotic transcription?