Is Kocuria Rhizophila pathogenic?
Clinical significance Kocuria has been found to live on human skin and oral cavity. It is generally considered non-pathogenic but can be found in some infections.
Is Kocuria Rhizophila spore forming?
Kocuria is non-encapsulated, non-spore-forming and catalase-positive. They are aerobic, but two species (Table 2) are slightly facultatively anaerobic.
What infections does Micrococcus luteus cause?
luteus has been reported to possibly cause infections such as hepatic and brain abscess, native valve endocarditis, bacteremia, and septic arthritis in immunosuppressive patients (Wharton et al.
Where is Micrococcus varians?
Micrococci have been isolated from human skin, animal and dairy products, and beer. They are found in many other places in the environment, including water, dust, and soil. M. luteus on human skin transforms compounds in sweat into compounds with an unpleasant odor.
Which disease can Micrococcus cause?
Micrococcus species, members of the family Micrococcaceae, are usually regarded as contaminants from skin and mucous membranes. Nevertheless they have been documented to be causative organisms in cases of bacteremia, endocarditis, ventriculitis, peritonitis, pneumonia, endophthalmitis, keratolysis and septic arthritis.
Does Micrococcus cause UTI?
The laboratory findings and clinical presentations in urinary infections in 23 nurses, 10 caused by Micrococcus subgroup 3 and 13 by Escherichia coli, were studied, and the symptoms and possible predisposing factors compared. There were no important differences between the two groups.
Is Micrococcus luteus resistant to antibiotics?
VECTORS: None. DRUG SUSCEPTIBILITY: Micrococcus spp. are relatively susceptible to most antibiotics, including vancomycin, penicillin, gentamicin, and clindamycin, which have been successfully used for treating infections caused by these bacteria(2).
How do you treat Gram-positive cocci UTI?
Amikacin and Gentamicin appeared most effective antibiotics against Gram-positive UTI bacteria. Nitrofurantoin was found the least effective among the tested antibiotics.
What antibiotic covers Micrococcus luteus?
In contrast to staphylococci (for which it may easily be mistaken) it is usually penicillin-sensitive. However, the most promising antibiotic regimen proposed for treatment of Micrococcus luteus seems to be a combination of vancomycin, amikacin, and rifampicin.
What is the scientific name for Kocuria varians?
The new names are Kocuria varians, Kc. roseus, Kc. kristinae, Dermacoccus nishinomiyaensis, Kytococcus sedentarius, Ab. agilis, and Nesterenkonia halobia. V. Fallico, C. Hill, in Protective Cultures, Antimicrobial Metabolites and Bacteriophages for Food and Beverage Biopreservation, 2011
Can Kocuria kristinae cause urinary tract infections?
So far, no case of a urinary tract infection with Kocuria kristinaehas been reported. Our patient was a healthy adult, except that he was implanted with a catheter, which can be correlated somewhere with the association between indwelling devices and K. kristinae.
What is the pathophysiology of Kocuria infection?
Kocuria species are gram-positive, non-pathogenic commensals. However, in immunocompromised patients such as transplant recipients, cancer patients, or patients with chronic medical conditions, they can cause opportunistic infections.
Is Kocuria spp coagulase negative?
Kocuria spp were also misidentified either as coagulase negative Staphylococci (CoNS) or as Micrococci due to their uncharacteristic morphological, cultural and biochemical characteristics. … : Gram’s stain of Kocuria spp showing large sized cocci arranged in pairs, short chains, tetrads, irregular clusters and deeply stained very large cocci. …