What was the layout of the trenches in WW1?
Trench Layout They were constructed in parallel lines, with troops in front-line trenches around 1km away from the enemy front line, and second line support trenches behind the front line with reserve trenches behind the second line trenches.
What were the three types of trenches in WW1?
As historian Paul Fussell describes it, there were usually three lines of trenches: a front-line trench located 50 yards to a mile from its enemy counterpart, guarded by tangled lines of barbed wire; a support trench line several hundred yards back; and a reserve line several hundred yards behind that.
How were trenches laid out?
Trenches weren’t dug in straight lines. The WWI trenches were built as a system, in a zigzag pattern with many different levels along the lines. They had paths dug so that soldiers could move between the levels. Trenches typically had an embankment at the top and a barbed wire fence.
Why were trenches built in zig zags?
All the trenches were dug in a zig-zag pattern so the enemy couldn’t shoot straight down the line and kill many soldiers. If a mortar, grenade or artillery shell would land in the trench, it would only get the soldiers in that section, not further down the line.
What did a trench look like?
Trenches were long, narrow ditches dug into the ground where soldiers lived. They were very muddy, uncomfortable and the toilets overflowed. These conditions caused some soldiers to develop medical problems such as trench foot.
What were ww1 trenches made out of?
Trenches in WWI were constructed with sandbags, wooden planks, woven sticks, tangled barbed wire or even just stinking mud. British soldiers standing in water in a trench.
Why were trenches built in a zigzag pattern?
How did they build trenches without getting shot?
When the trenches were deep enough a few hours later, the forward units fell back and took cover. The siting of the brigade’s trench line was key here. It was behind the crest of the hill on the reverse slope, so the Germans did not have a direct line of sight.
How did soldiers go to the toilet in the trenches?
They also had dug outs, for rest, and latrines. These latrines were trench toilets. They were usually pits dug into the ground between 1.2 metres and 1.5 metres deep. Two people who were called sanitary personnel had the job of keeping the latrines in good condition for each company.
What was the worst part of trench warfare?
Exposed to the elements, trenches filled with water and became muddy quagmires. One of the worst fears of the common Western Front soldier was ‘trench foot’: gangrene of the feet and toes, caused by constant immersion in water. Trench soldiers also contended with ticks, lice, rats, flies and mosquitos.
What was the worst thing about trench warfare?
The dangers of trench warfare were plentiful. Enemy attacks on trenches or advancing soldiers could come from artillery shells, mortars, grenades, underground mines, poison gas, machine guns and sniper fire. Soldiers in the trenches endured conditions ranging from barely tolerable to utterly horrific.