Who are the Mukhabarat?

Mukhabarat – Mukhabarat (مخابرات) is the Arabic word for intelligence, as in “military intelligence. However, throughout the Middle East, “Mukhabarat” refers to secret police departments that are used to impose state terror. A “Mukhabarat state” is a what is called a “police state” in the west.

Does Syria have an intelligence agency?

The Military Intelligence Division (Arabic: شعبة المخابرات العسكرية, Shu’bat al-Mukhabarat al-‘Askariyya), is the military intelligence service of Syria. Although its roots go back to the French mandate period (1923–1943), its current organization was established in 1969.

What started the Syrian civil war?

In March 2011, pro-democracy demonstrations erupted in the southern city of Deraa, inspired by uprisings in neighbouring countries against repressive rulers. When the Syrian government used deadly force to crush the dissent, protests demanding the president’s resignation erupted nationwide.

What is the name of Iraq intelligence agency?

The Iraqi National Intelligence Service (INIS) is an intelligence agency of the Iraqi government that was created in April 2004 on the transitional authority of the Coalition Provisional Authority, following the US-led coalition invasion of Iraq a year prior.

What was the name of Saddam Hussein’s secret police?

Codenamed Jihaz al-Haneen (Instrument of Yearning), the organisation concentrated on security and intelligence work. After the Ba’ath Party seized power on 17 July 1968, Saddam expanded the Special Apparatus and took control of the Amn (State Internal Security Department).

Who are the Shabiha in Syria?

Shabiha (Levantine Arabic: شَبِّيحَة Šabbīḥa, pronounced [ʃabˈbiːħa]; also romanized Shabeeha or Shabbiha’; (meaning “ghosts”) is a term for state sponsored militias of the Syrian government.

What is the name of Afghanistan intelligence agency?

The National Directorate of Security
The National Directorate of Security was founded as the primary domestic and foreign intelligence agency of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in 2002, and is considered the successor to KHAD, which was the previous intelligence organization before the Afghan Civil War (1992–2001).

Who founded the Iraqi secret police?

Directorate 28 was responsible for the security of all Military Industrialization Organization facilities. It was established after the defection of Hussein Kamel al-Majid in August 1995.

Which is the most powerful intelligence agency?

The CIA is without a doubt the most well-known intelligence service in the world, thanks to countless appearances in international and Hollywood films. CIA is also one of the well-funded federal agencies in the United States.

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