What is the most common location of an ectopic kidney?

The ectopic kidney is most commonly located in the pelvis (Figs 71.16D and 71.18A). Blood supply is via adjacent vessels usually directly from the iliac arteries or aorta. A discoid kidney refers to a fused solitary pelvic kidney, which drains via a common ureter (Figs 71.16E and 71.18B).

What is ectopic right kidney?

An ectopic kidney is a kidney that does not grow in the proper location. Information here will help you talk with your urologist if you or your child has an ectopic kidney. Ectopic kidney (or “renal ectopia”) describes a kidney that isn’t located in its usual position.

What causes ectopic kidney?

What causes an ectopic kidney? An ectopic kidney happens while a baby is growing in the womb. Normally, the kidneys form a kidney bud within the pelvis (hip bones). When a signal is released from the kidney tissue, the kidneys should move into their position behind the ribcage.

What is horseshoe kidney?

Horseshoe kidney is a condition in which the kidneys are fused together at the lower end or base. By fusing, they form a “U” shape, which gives it the name “horseshoe.”

How is ectopic kidney diagnosed?

If an ectopic kidney is discovered, it is usually found during a fetal ultrasound—an imaging test that uses sound waves to create a picture of how a baby is developing in the womb—or during medical tests done to check for a urinary tract infection or to find the cause of abdominal pain.

Is ectopic kidney a birth defect?

An ectopic kidney is a birth defect in which a kidney is located in an abnormal position. In most cases, people with an ectopic kidney have no complaints. In other cases, the ectopic kidney may create urinary problems, such as urine blockage, infection, or urinary stones.

Where is a horseshoe kidney located?

Horseshoe kidney, also called renal fusion, is when two kidneys are fused or joined together. They form a shape like a horseshoe. A horseshoe kidney is also in a different location compared to two typical kidneys. It’s located lower in the pelvis and closer to the front of your body.

What are the symptoms of ectopic kidney?

What are the symptoms of an ectopic kidney?

  • pain in your abdomen or back.
  • urinary frequency or urgency, or burning during urination.
  • fever.
  • hematuria, or blood in the urine.
  • lump or mass in the abdomen.
  • high blood pressure.

What causes horse shoe kidney?

Horseshoe kidney when the 2 kidneys join (fuse) together at the bottom to form a U shape like a horseshoe. It is also known as renal fusion. The condition occurs when a baby is growing in the womb, as the baby’s kidneys move into place. Horseshoe kidney can occur alone or with other disorders.

How common is pancake kidney?

The commonest (incidence of 1 in every 700 autopsies and 0.25% in the general population) renal ectopia is horseshoe kidney [4]. Pancake kidney is the rarest type of ectopic fused kidney disease with unknown occurrence. However, Miclaus et al. had calculated that 1 out of 65,000–375,000 population may get affected [5].

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