What is the management and control of malaria?

The main current measures are focused on reduction of the contact between mosquitoes and humans, the destruction of larvae by environmental management and the use of larvicides or mosquito larvae predators, and destruction of adult mosquitoes by indoor residual spraying and insecticide-treated bed nets.

How does malaria impact human health?

Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) because of the loss of red blood cells. If not promptly treated, the infection can become severe and may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.

What was the impact of malaria on human history?

malariae is highly host specific to humans, there is some evidence that low level non-symptomatic infection persists among wild chimpanzees. About 10,000 years ago, malaria started having a major impact on human survival, coinciding with the start of agriculture in the Neolithic revolution.

How can we protect from malaria?


  1. Apply mosquito repellent with DEET (diethyltoluamide) to exposed skin.
  2. Drape mosquito netting over beds.
  3. Put screens on windows and doors.
  4. Treat clothing, mosquito nets, tents, sleeping bags and other fabrics with an insect repellent called permethrin.
  5. Wear long pants and long sleeves to cover your skin.

What are the main challenges to malaria management that need to be addressed in this region?

Ongoing challenges in the management of malaria

  • Abstract.
  • Background.
  • The burden of malaria.
  • The growing prominence of vector control.
  • Improving malaria diagnosis.
  • Drug resistance as a barrier to malaria control.
  • Reducing malaria transmission.
  • Meeting the need for a paediatric formulation.

What are the environmental impacts of malaria?

What is not so obvious is the effect of malaria on the environment. Mostly relating to the organisms in the environment and biodiversity, malaria causes great disruption in the ecosystem. One main way of preventing the spread of malaria includes indoor spraying of insecticides.

What are the social impacts of malaria?

They suggest that the disease causes changes in household behaviors that result in broad social costs, such as decisions related to reproduction, education, and economic matters, which, in turn, have a long-term effect on economic growth and development.

What system does malaria affect?

Malaria can damage the kidneys or liver or cause the spleen to rupture. Any of these conditions can be life-threatening. Anemia. Malaria may result in not having enough red blood cells for an adequate supply of oxygen to your body’s tissues (anemia).

Why is it difficult to control malaria in some countries?

Malaria is a difficult disease to control largely due to the highly adaptable nature of the vector and parasites involved.

What are significant challenges of currently available drugs for malaria?

How does malaria affect economic development?

Once seen as a consequence of poverty, malaria is now regarded as one of its causes. Experts say malaria slows economic growth in Africa by up to 1.3 percent per year. Rural and poor people are especially at risk because they are least likely to have the means to prevent and treat malaria.

What are social impacts of malaria?

What is the economic impact of malaria?

Malaria takes its toll not only in lives lost, but also in medical costs, lost income, and reduced economic output. The annual direct and indirect costs of malaria in Africa are estimated to be more than US$2 billion, according to the WHO.

How does malaria affect economic?

Malaria discourages investments and tourism, affects land use patterns and crop selection resulting in sub-optimal agricultural production, reduces labor productivity, and impairs learning. Malaria can strain national economies, impacting some nations’ gross domestic product by as much as an estimated 5–6%.

How does malaria affect the circulatory system?

Experimental studies have also shown that malaria may affect the blood pressure regulatory system causing hypertension, which is a contributor to heart failure. Malaria can also affect vascular pathways that cause inflammation in the heart, which could lead to fibrosis and then heart failure.

Which preventive measures are done against epidemic of malaria?

Prevention of malaria

  • Wear full sleeve protective clothing.
  • Spray insect repellants on your exposed skin.
  • Use a mosquito net over the bed if your bedroom isn’t air-conditioned or screened.
  • When you go out, in addition to spraying insect repellants on your exposed skin, you can also spray on your clothing.

How is malaria prevented and cured?

How can malaria be prevented?

  1. Insecticide-treated bed nets. Most malaria-carrying mosquitoes bite at night, so insecticide-treated mosquito nets can be a life-saving barrier.
  2. Treating women during pregnancy. Pregnant women have lower immunity.
  3. Health education.
  4. Environmental methods.

What is the nursing management of malaria?

The nursing care plan goals for a patient with malaria are: Prevent infection. Reduce increase in and regain normal body temperature. Improve tissue perfusion.

What is a drug resistant malaria case how is it being managed?

In antimalarial chemotherapy, drug resistance is defined as “the ability of a parasite strain to survive and/or multiply despite the administration and absorption of a drug in doses equal to or higher than those usually recommended but within the limits of tolerance of the subject”.

What are the economic and social impact of malaria?

The economic impact of malaria is estimated to cost Africa $12 billion every year. This figure factors in costs of health care, absenteeism, days lost in education, decreased productivity due to brain damage from cerebral malaria, and loss of investment and tourism.

How does malaria affect social life?


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