What is the Navajo-Hopi land dispute?
In 1974, Congress passed the Navajo-Hopi Settlement Act to address a land dispute between the Navajo Nation and the Hopi Tribe. Regrettably, the Act not only required division of the disputed lands, but that citizens of one tribe, living on the other tribe’s lands, would have to relocate.
What was the Navajo-Hopi long range Rehabilitation Act?
Under the long-range Navajo-Hopi Rehabilitation Program, authorized by Congress in 1950, educational facilities for Navajo children were expanded in fiscal 195.3 through the completion of three school construction projects and the establishment or five new trailer schools.
How were the settlements of the Hopi and the Navajo different?
The Hopi and the Navajo did not have a conception of land being bounded and divided. The Hopi people had settled in permanent villages, while the nomadic Navajo people moved around the four corners. Both lived on the land that their ancestors did.
Is the Hopi Tribe part of the Navajo Nation?
The Hopi Tribe is a sovereign nation located in northeastern Arizona. The reservation occupies part of Coconino and Navajo counties, encompasses more than 1.5 million acres, and is made up of 12 villages on three mesas.
How did the Navajos get their land back?
The Navajo (Diné) people were able to secure the rights to return to their ancestral homelands through persistence, determination, and negotiation.
Are the Hopi and Navajo enemies?
And as the Hopis and Navajos were thrust into the non-Native American world of borders and land ownership, something else developed–the tribes, which had lived together in the Southwest for centuries before the white man arrived, became enemies.
How much land did the Navajo lose?
The commission said the federal government owes the tribe for 28 million acres of land the Navajos were deprived of when the boundaries of the reservation was established that year by Congress.
Why is the Hopi reservation inside the Navajo Reservation?
The Navajo reservation was established to keep the people confined to a specific area of land. In contrast, a reservation surrounding Hopi villages was created expressly to keep certain non-Indian peoples out of the area.
Why is the Hopi Reservation inside the Navajo reservation?
What causes tension between Hopi and Navajo?
Cultural differences, a history of U.S. interference, expanding reservation populations, and Peabody Coal are responsible for the longstanding struggle between Navajo and Hopi tribes for certain land and resources. The small map shows the result of a century of Navajo expansion of their tribal lands.