What does the frontal eye field control?

The frontal eye field (FEF) exerts its control on gaze movements through several descending pathways, including a direct projection to the intermediate layers of the superior colliculus, an indirect projection to the superior colliculus via the basal ganglia, and also projections to the cerebellum and the brainstem …

What are saccades in eye tracking?

Saccades are rapid, ballistic movements of the eyes that abruptly change the point of fixation. They range in amplitude from the small movements made while reading, for example, to the much larger movements made while gazing around a room.

What causes eye saccades?

A reflexive saccade occurs when your eyes look at something new that appears in your field of vision, or when you hear something that causes you to react. These saccades are largely unconscious, driven by functions lower down in the brainstem.

What is the frontal eye field of the brain?

The Frontal Eye Field (FEF) is a region of primate prefrontal cortex defined as the area in which low-current electrical stimulation evokes saccadic eye movements.

How would you describe saccades?

A saccade (/səˈkɑːd/ sə-KAHD, French for jerk) is a quick, simultaneous movement of both eyes between two or more phases of fixation in the same direction. In contrast, in smooth pursuit movements, the eyes move smoothly instead of in jumps.

What area of the brain is responsible for saccades?

The parietal lobe and more particularly its posterior part, the PPC, are involved in the control of saccades and attention.

What stimulates frontal eye fields?

Electrical stimulation in the FEF elicits saccadic eye movements. The FEF have a topographic structure and represents saccade targets in retinotopic coordinates. The frontal eye field is reported to be activated during the initiation of eye movements, such as voluntary saccades and pursuit eye movements.

What causes saccadic suppression?

Saccadic suppression is largely a consequence of visual masking: the clear, bright, long-duration fixations that precede and follow each saccade mask the perception of the low-contrast blur that is on the retina in much the same way that a bright flash of light would mask the perception of any low-contrast, brief- …

What is saccadic suppression and why is it important in visual perception?

This phenomenon is known as saccadic suppression. A prevailing hypothesis to explain saccadic suppression suggests that by making vision temporarily less sharp for the rapid eye movement, the nervous system discards visual information about movement and helps us to perceive the world as stable.

Can you see during Saccades?

Blurred retinal images are not of much use, and the eye has a mechanism that “cuts off” the processing of retinal images when it becomes blurred. Humans become effectively blind during a saccade. This phenomenon is called saccadic masking or saccadic suppression.

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