Is cefazolin weight based dosing?
Currently there are no guidelines in the dosing of cefazolin for the obese population. Standard dosing of cefazolin 2 grams for patients <120 kg and 3 grams for patients >120 kg is used as the dose for surgical prophylaxis. This makes no provisions for weight based dosing.
How are antibiotics dosed for obesity?
Using this data in simulations, one study found low PTA with 2 g IV every 12 hour dosing, leading the authors to recommend 2 g every 8 hour dosing in morbidly obese patients (Table S2).
Who should not take cefazolin?
You should not use this medicine if you have ever had a severe allergic reaction to an antibiotic, such as: cefazolin, cefuroxime, cefadroxil, cefdinir, cefoxitin, cefprozil, ceftriaxone, cephalexin, Keflex, Omnicef, and others; avibactam, relebactam, sulbactam, tazobactam, vaborbactam, and others; or.
What is Ancef 1 gram IV?
Cefazolin is an antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. It may also be used before and during certain surgeries to help prevent infection. This medication is known as a cephalosporin antibiotic. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.
Should Antibiotics be dosed by weight?
Treatment of severe infections and patients with serious medical problems may require personalized dosing. But for the routine infections that constitute the bulk of office-based practice — such as urinary tract infections, sinusitis and bronchitis — one dose is generally reasonable regardless of body weight.
Are antibiotics dosed by weight?
Whereas children’s antibiotic dosing is generally calculated according to body mass, for adults, no such system is in place, and for those drugs that do have body mass specific guidelines for dosing, adherence is “inadequate,” according to the authors. Drs.
What are the contraindications of cefazolin?
Cefazolin injection is contraindicated in patients who have a history of immediate hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., anaphylaxis, serious skin reactions) to cefazolin or the cephalosporin antibacterial drugs, penicillins, or other beta-lactams [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
How fast can you give cefazolin IV?
Cefazolin for Injection USP and Dextrose Injection USP should be administered intravenously (IV) over approximately 30 minutes.
Which drugs are dosed by ideal body weight?
|Drug Name||Adjustment in Obesity|
|Ethambutol||Ideal Body Weight when patient weight >120% of ideal body weight|
|Flucytosine||Ideal Body Weight when patient weight >120% of ideal body weight|
|Foscarnet||Adjusted Body Weight when patient weight >120% of ideal body weight Total Body Weight when <=120% of ideal body weight|
Who should not use cefazolin?
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney disease, liver disease, stomach/intestinal diseases (such as colitis). Cefazolin may cause live bacterial vaccines (such as typhoid vaccine) to not work well.
How does obesity affect drug dosing?
When lean body weight increases there will be a corresponding increase in drug clearance and an increased dose may be required. Commonly used weight-based drugs that may require dose adjustment and monitoring in obesity, and in particular morbid obesity, are listed in Table 2.
Are antibiotic doses based on weight?
What drugs are dosed based on weight?
Weight-based medicine doses are prescribed for children and adults with conditions where there is a wide range of optimal dosages. The most common examples are antibiotics, opioids, diabetes medications, and chemotherapy drugs.
How does obesity affect cefazolin pre-operative dosing in obese patients?
Obesity leads to altered pharmacokinetics through changes in volume of distribution and clearance, which can impact antimicrobial dosing. Although there is data to support higher cefazolin pre-operative dosing for surgical prophylaxis, data evaluating treatment doses of cefazolin in obese patients is lacking.
What is the recommended dose of cefazolin for surgery?
Background Most surgical prophylaxis guidelines recommend a 3-g cefazolin intravenous dose in patients weighing ≥ 120 kg. However, this recommendation is primarily based on pharmacokinetic studies rather than robust clinical evidence.
Is high-dose cefazolin safe in patients with high body weight?
High-dose cefazolin (9 g/day) for the treatment of bacteremia or SSTIs in patients with high body weight was safe and well tolerated. Larger studies are needed to further explore the benefit of high-dose cefazolin in improving clinical outcomes.
Does cefazolin use increase SSI prevalence in non-obese patients?
While no statistically significant difference in SSI prevalence was observed in non-obese and obese patients, or those who weighed above and below 120 kg, who received a 2-g prophylactic cefazolin dose, trends toward an increase were evident.