How can we detect HMF in honey?
Honey quality was determined by measuring the HMF content using the LAMBDA 465 spectrophotometer and UV Lab software. The test showed that Honey 2 shows lower levels of HMF compared to that of Honey 1.
What is HMF testing?
HMF can be used as an indicator for excess heat-treatment in many food products, such as honey, fruit juice, UHT-milk, jams, alcoholic products and biscuits. Fera conducts analysis of samples with high-performance liquid chromatography with UV detection (HPLC-UV), with detection down to 1 mg/kg.
Why is HMF important?
HMF is very useful not only as an intermediate for the production of the biofuel dimethylfuran (DMF) but also as a precursor molecule for the production of levulinic acid (LA), 2,5-furan dicarboxylic acid (FDCA), 2,5-diformylfuran, dihydroxymethylfuran, and 5-hydroxy-4-keto-2-pentanoic acid (Rosatella et al., 2011).
What does HMF do to bees?
Hydroxymethylfurfural is the main reason that high-fructose corn syrup is not good for bees. Also known as HMF, hydroxymethylfurfural is a chemical that forms when high-fructose corn syrup is heated. It is known to damage honey bees by causing ulceration of the gut.
Why does HMF increase with honey?
HMF (HydroxyMethylFurfuraldehyde) is used as an indicator of heat and storage changes in honey. HMF is formed by the breakdown of fructose in the presence of an acid. Heat increases the speed of this reaction. The increase in speed is exponential with increasing heat.
What is HMF in honey?
An organic compound known as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is formed from reducing sugars in honey and various processed foods in acidic environments when they are heated through the Maillard reaction.
What is Hydroxymethylfurfural honey?
What is HMF level?
How is HMF formed?
HMF is produced from dehydration of hexose sugars (inulin, cellulose, glucose, fructose and sucrose) under acidic conditions. Under the aqueous condition, HMF undergoes hydrolysis, takes two water molecules and yields formic acid and levulinic acid (Kuster et al.
How do you calculate HMF?
There is a simple formula to calculate the Harbor Maintenance Fee: HMF = value of shipment X 0.125. For example, on a $10,000 shipment, the HMF would be $12.50 ($10,000 X 0.125). Unlike the Merchandise Processing Fee (MPF), HMF does not have a minimum or maximum charge.
What is HMF value?
In the case of bread, HMF values vary widely, from 3.4 to 176.1 mg/kg, depending on the fermentation conditions, the leavening agents added, the thickness of the crust and crumb, and the type of bread (oat bread, white bread or wheat bread) .
What is the maximum HMF?
The HMF is calculated at 0.125% of the cargo value that was declared on the commercial invoice, with no minimum or maximum.
What is the current HMF rate?
If the mode of transportation is via ship a Harbor Maintenance Fee (HMF) is collected by CBP. HMF is . 125 percent of the value of the commercial cargo shipped through identified ports. HMF is not collected on cargo imported or transported via air or mailed.