What is the optimal arousal theory AP Psychology?
Optimal arousal theory. suggests that humans are motivated to maintain a comfortable level of arousal. Optimal arousal theory helps explain the Yerkes-Dodson law, which states that performance is best when arousal or stimulation is not too high, and not too low.
What is optimal arousal theory?
Optimal arousal is a psychological construct referring to a level of mental stimulation at which physical performance, learning, or temporary feelings of wellbeing are maximized (Smith 1990). It can also be described as the degree of energy release and the intensity of readiness.
What is optimal arousal theory quizlet?
optimal arousal theory. A theory of motivation stating that people are motivated to behave in ways that maintain what is, for them, an optimal level of arousal to stay away from high stress levels.
What is optimal arousal theory of motivation?
The arousal theory of motivation suggests that people are driven to perform actions in order to maintain an optimum level of physiological arousal. According to the arousal theory of motivation, each person has a unique arousal level that is right for them.
What is the optimal arousal model of motivation?
The optimal arousal theory of motivation states that we seek to attain optimal arousal level because by achieving the optimal arousal level, we can perform at our best. We know that we have reached the optimal arousal level when we are comfortable physically, emotionally and intellectually.
What is Yerkes-Dodson law of arousal?
The Yerkes-Dodson law is a model of the relationship between stress and task performance. It proposes that you reach your peak level of performance with an intermediate level of stress, or arousal. Too little or too much arousal results in poorer performance. This is also known as the inverted-U model of arousal.
What are the 3 big motivators for human beings?
McClelland’s Human Motivation Theory states that every person has one of three main driving motivators: the needs for achievement, affiliation, or power. These motivators are not inherent; we develop them through our culture and life experiences.
What are the 3 parts of the arousal theory?
There are three ways that arousal can be achieved: mentally, emotionally and physically, as described below.
- Cognitive arousal. Cognitive, or intellectual, arousal is about thinking and mental stimulation.
- Affective arousal.
- Physical arousal.
- Brain and body.
- Arousal interaction.
What is the optimal arousal theory of motivation?
What is arousal in psychology example?
For example, when graduating from high school, a person is likely to experience a heightened level of arousal. However, this arousal may be labeled as excitement when around friends or as anxiety/despair when around parents or former teachers.
What causes arousal in the Schachter and Singer study?
Schachter and Singer’s Experiment In a 1962 experiment, Schachter and Singer put their theory to the test. A group of 184 male participants was injected with epinephrine, a hormone that produces arousal including increased heartbeat, trembling, and rapid breathing.