What is an example of pronation movement?

Supination and pronation are terms used to describe the up or down orientation of your hand, arm, or foot. When your palm or forearm faces up, it’s supinated. When your palm or forearm faces down, it’s pronated.

What is pronation body movement?

Pronation is the motion that moves the forearm from the supinated (anatomical) position to the pronated (palm backward) position. This motion is produced by rotation of the radius at the proximal radioulnar joint, accompanied by movement of the radius at the distal radioulnar joint.

What are the types of joint movements in physical activities?

Types of joint movement

  • Flexion – bending a joint.
  • Extension – straightening a joint.
  • Abduction – movement away from the midline of the body.
  • Rotation – this is where the limb moves in a circular movement around a fixed joint towards or away from the midline of the body.

What muscles perform pronation?


  • Pronator teres. Pronator teres muscle.
  • Pronator quadratus. The anterior interosseus nerve, a branch of the median nerve, innervates this square-shaped muscle in the anterior compartment of the forearm.
  • Supinator. Supinator muscle.
  • Biceps brachii. The musculocutaneous nerve innervates this muscle.
  • Brachioradialis.

What is pronation of the wrist?

Pronation describes the movement of rotating the forearm into a palm down position.

What are the examples of body movement?

Types of movements in the human body

Flexion Bending
Abduction Moving away from the reference axis
Adduction Bringing closer to the reference axis
Protrusion Forward
Retrusion Backward

Why is pronation an important function of the human body?

Pronation is also necessary to enable rotation of the leg and to absorb the impact of this rotation. Subtalar pronation plays a role in shock absorption through eccentric control of the supinators. On the other side, the joint of Chopart becomes unlocked so that the forefoot can stay loose and flexible.

What is pronation in physical education?

Pronation refers to the inward roll of the foot during normal motion and occurs as the outer edge of the heel strikes the ground and the foot rolls inward and flattens out.

What are the 12 body movements that can be performed by the body?

Body Movements

  • flexion – extension.
  • abduction – adduction.
  • circumduction (no opposite)
  • elevation – depression.
  • internal/medial rotation – external/lateral rotation.
  • dorsiflexion – plantar flexion.
  • pronation – supination.
  • inversion – eversion.

How do you know your pronation?

How can I tell if I overpronate? A quick and easy way to see if you overpronate is to look at the bottom of your shoes for signs of wear and tear. If most of the wear is on the inside sole near the ball of the foot and near the big toe, there’s a good possibility that you overpronate.

How does pronation affect the knee?

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome – Excessive pronation of the feet can cause the knees to rotate internally which moves both legs into more of a ‘knock-kneed’ position. This can cause the knee cap tendon to pull in the wrong direction.

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